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by The Prefect Smile Dental Clinic | March 5, 2020

Understanding Instrumental Sterilization in Dentistry

In the world of Dental Studies, Hygiene is a very inclusive word and honestly speaking, it wouldn’t be wrong to call it the ‘world’ of oral science. However, in understanding the essence of Hygiene in dental science, we somewhere perceive it to be the sole domain of patients. Do you think dental care is only limited to regular brushing or flossing? Do you think only patients are liable to maintain hygiene standards? No- the answer is ‘NO’! Hygiene is a two-way process that both patients and dental clinics have to maintain. In fact, much more than the patients, the importance of optimizing hygiene in dental clinics is viable.

Instrument Sterilization in Dentistry

On the basis of infection transmission risk, we can broadly divide dental instruments into three different categories:

  1. Critical instruments: Critical instruments comprise of the devices that are used for soft tissue or bone penetration. Since they enter or control the bloodstream (or other sterile tissues), it is important to sterilize them every time after the use.

  1. Semi-critical instruments: Semi-critical instruments do not penetrate to soft tissues or bone but since they can come in contact with mucous membranes (and sometimes also with the non-intact skin), the devices need sterilization.

  1. Non-critical instruments: These instruments only come in contact with the intact skin and it could be an x-ray head, blood pressure cuffs, pulse oximeters, etc. Out of the three categories, these devices have the least amount of infection transmission risk.

It becomes the responsibility of dental practitioners to use high sterilization and disinfection standards in their clinics, starting from the very basic autoclaves, UV chambers, Ultrasonic instrument cleaners, etc. to most sophisticated and advanced autoclaves along with fumigation.

Why Fumigation is important:

If you will evaluate some of the most successful dental clinics, you will see that they implement fumigation as a routine process. The practice is done to maintain the highest standards of hygiene and avoid the high risk of disinfection. Fumigation is highly recommended before implants and oral surgeries as it sterilizes the operation theater with formaldehyde gas, killing microbes by alkylating the amino acids. Fumigation is a cost-effective process that can control the major parts of exogenous infections.

The Perfect Smile Dental Clinic is one of the best dental clinics in the Tricity region! It is professionally managed by Dr. Sarabjeet Singh has been awarded the title of Best Dentist in Chandigarh by the prestigious National Dental Excellence. Dr. Singh firmly believes in the use and practice of fumigation and instrumental sterilization process.